Qubyte Codes

Giving reasons

Published

Don't worry, apples are fine but I don't like them as much as this note makes out.

から

When there is one reason for something, you can use から.

  • (あめ)()んだから()かけました。
  • The rain stopped, so I went out.
  • I went outside because the rain stopped, I went outside.

For adjectives, から takes the adjective in a plain tense. That is,

(けい)(よう)()

Use the plain or plain past forms.

  • リンゴがおいしいから、よく()べます。
  • I often eat apples because they're tasty.

(けい)(よう)(どう)() and nouns

Use the or だった to couple the adjective or noun to から in the plain or past form respectively.

  • リンゴが()きだから、よく()べます。
  • I like apples, so I eat them often.
  • I eat apples a lot because I like them.

Verbs

Use verbs in the plain or plain past form. (It would feel more natural to me to use (おお)かった here, but the following is for demonstration.).

  • リンゴがたくさんあったから、10()()いました。
  • There were a lot of apples, so I bought 10.

ので

ので feels more polite than から. ので works like から for (けい)(よう)() and verbs.

(けい)(よう)(どう)() and nouns

Couple the adjective or noun with a .

  • リンゴが()なので、よく()べます。
  • I like apples, so I eat them often.
  • I eat apples a lot because I like them.

When there's more than one reason, can be used to give a complete or incomplete set of reasons. It couples to adjectives, nouns, and verbs in the same way as から. When only one is used, it may emphasise that more reasons exist but are being omitted.

  • リンゴが(けん)(こう)()いし()きだし(わたし)はよく()べます。
  • Apples are good for you, and I like them, so I often eat them.
  • I eat a lot of apples because they're healthy and I ==like= them.